Tailz. All your pets needs in one furtastic place.
Welcome to the Tailz Grooming Information, Knowledge & Care Corner. As passionate people in the pet industry we all have one thing in common with all of our customers - the welfare of the animals in our care.
With that being said we have put together a number of issues and concerns that we see arise in our grooming studio. We have created a set of resources to help our clients along the way. From brushing to bugs to skin problems, the most frequently asked questions are covered and even some that you may not have not thought of.
All resources provided are to help you better care for your pet and make their grooming experience as positive and perfect as possible. Working together we can make grooming your dog a fun and rewarding experience.
|TYPE||Smooth Coat||Double Coated Dogs||Medium or "Combination" Coat||Long or "Drop" Coat||Wire or Broken Coat||Wavy or Curly Coats|
|DESCRIPTION||Sleek and Shiny short hair (not longer than 1") that lies against the skin.||This coat is made up of a soft undercoat and a coarser overcoat. The stiffer overcoat helps repel dirt and water while the undercoat helps add insulation.||The coat is longer than an inch but is generally considered relatively short in length.||Long, straight and flowing coat. These types of coats tend not to shed as there is only one hair per follicle.||These coats are designed to be harsh, rough and bristly.||The coat is soft and wavy or curly and like drop-coated dogs has only hair per follicle and therefore tend to shed less.|
|EXAMPLES||Greyhound, Bulldog, Lab, Weimareiner,||
Husky, Malamute, Akita, American Eskimo, Pomeranian
|Brittany Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Saint Bernard, Rough Collie, Border Collie||Shih Tzu, Havanese, Yorkshire Terrier, Lhasa Apso, Maltese||Wired Haired Fox Terrier, Airedale Terrier, Brussels Griffon||Bichon Frise, Poodle,|
A bath and good brushing is usually all these dogs need.
A deshedding treatment can be a good idea if you find your smooth coated dog sheds lots.
You can have them professionally bathed every month.
These dogs tend to shed more than your average dog. They require a good bath, blow out, and heavy brushing.
We recommend getting a deshedding treatment done during grooming appointments.
It is never recommended to shave a double-coated dog.
Relatively easy to maintain in a natural state. These dogs require brushing and combing once per week to keep them knot-free.
During grooming appointments it is common to do a bath and tidy to spiff them up.
Drop-coated dog's fur require more maintenance as it needs to be brushed and combed out daily otherwise it will tangle.
Due to the type of coat it is recommended that customers bring in their dog no less than every 2 months for a trim or a bath & tidy.
It is recommended to have a professional hand-strip these types of coats. This a grooming technique that involves plucking the outer guard hairs. This removes dead coat and allows the coat to lie flatter against the skin.
This is the most difficult type of dog to maintain. They require daily brushing followed by a good combing to remain matt-free.
Their fur easily tangles and therefore it best to have these dogs professionally maintained with baths and trims every four weeks.
GROOMING TOOLS AND PRODUCTS: WHICH ONE TO USE
|Tool or Product||Name||Uses||Types of Coats|
|Comb||A single row of long heavy duty pins that are spaced apart to suit either a fine, medium or coarse fur. A comb is a groomers best friend. It is always used to do the final brush through of a coat to double check that matts have been removed entirely or to ensure excess undercoat has been removed..||All Coat Types.|
|Slicker Brush (Hard)||Rows of fine wire pins that are bent at the end on a stationary head. This type of brush is used to remove dead hair and to break up matts and tangles. Follow the use of a slicker brush with using a metal comb.||Can be used on all coat types. Primarily used on combination, drop and curly coated dogs.|
|Slicker Brush (Flexible)||Rows of fine wire pins that are bent at the end on a flexible head. This type of brush is used to remove dead hair and break up matts.||Can be used on all coat types. Primarily used on combination, drop and curly coated dogs.|
|Pin Brush||Rows of straight thicker pins with ball ends. This type of brush is used on long drop coated dogs that are matt-free.||Drop coated dogs .|
|Bristle Brush||Natural or man-made bristles bunched together and in rows. This brush is good to remove dirt and debris as well as provide some shine to a wire coat.||Smooth or wire coats.|
|Undercoat Rake (Straight)||A set of short sturdy pins in a row. This rake is able to get a bit deeper than other brushes and is good at removing dead hair from double and combination coated dogs.||Double and combination coated dogs.|
|Undercoat Rake (Curved)||A set of small curved blades in a row. This rake captures harder to remove dead hair from double and combination coated dogs.||Double and combination coated dogs.|
|Undercoat Rake (Furminator)||A blade that has a set of teeth that once pulled with the grain of the fur will effectively grab and capture loose dead fur.||Smooth, double and combination coated dogs.|
|Equigroomer||A blade with very fine teeth that once pulled with the direction of hair growth effectively loosens dead fur.||Smooth and double coated dogs.|
|Shedding Loop||A thin strip of metal with teeth bent into a loop with a handle. This type of shedding device is best used to remove loose dead hair from smooth coated dogs.||Smooth coated dogs.|
|Rubber Curry Brush||
Rubber prongs protrude from this rubber brush. This type of brush can be great at loosening up and removing dead hair from smooth and double coated dogs.
|Smooth and double coated dogs.|
|Dematting Rake||A set of wavey blades in a row (the other side is smooth). Once under a matt it can be safely used to slowly saw outwards through a matt.||Drop, combination, and curly coated dogs. Can be used for any dog that matts.|
|Dematting Blade||A single blade with one sharp side. Used to place between a thick matt and the skin to slowly saw away from the skin. Use with extreme caution.||Drop, combination, and curly coated dogs. Can be used for any dog that matts.|
|Matt Breaker||A set of curved blades (the other side is smooth.) Used to hook underneath or pick through a matt.||Drop, combination, and curly coated dogs. Can be used for any dog that matts.|
|Stripping Knives||A specially designed knife used for dogs with wiry coats (like many terriers) help to tidy up their appearance so as to achieve their breed “look”. It is used to remove guard hairs letting the remainder of the fur lie flat.|
|Nail Clipper||A set of thicker blades used in a scissor-like fashion to trim up the nail. Short 'nailz' will help maintain a dog's traction and prevent arthritis.|
|Hemostat||A set of clamps used to grasp ear hair for removal.|
HOW TO BRUSH YOUR DOG PROPERLY
Learning how to properly brush your dog is really important especially for those who want to keep their dog's hair long year round or just for winter. Regardless of the season or the reason keeping your dog matt-free reduces pain from the skin being tugged and also allows for your dog to have a much more pleasant experience at the groomers.
Start brushing with a slicker brush and then double check your work with a comb. It is imperative that your not have any tangles before going into the bath as those tangles will get tighter and harder to remove as a result.
It is common place for our customers to brush their dog while their watching television in the evening. Give your dog some treats while you do this so that brushing can be a positive experience for your dog. Just remember that a happy dog contributes to a happy family and we all want that.
DENTAL CARE & ISSUES THAT MAY ARISE
Combat dental disease by:
EAR CARE & ISSUES THAT MAY ARISE
EYE CARE & ISSUES THAT MAY ARISE
It is always a good idea to clean around your dog's eyes once per day and consult with your veterinarian for any issues relating to the eyes. Your dog's sight is not something to chance.
Your pet will often exhibit signs that there is something wrong with their eyes. Symptoms such as closed eyes, avoiding the light, redness, excessive tearing, discharge, rubbing their eye or their face on the ground, having bulging eyes, or cloudiness are all signs that your dog need a health check up.
Yes, tear stains can be unsightly, but they also irritate the skin all around the eye. Here is a good explanation of what causes tear stains along with some things that you can do at home to help alleviate them. Remember that sometimes there are underlying medical conditions that cause these too.
At Tailz' we can do a blueberry facial cleansing treatment to soothe the area as well as trim down the area around the eyes to allow as much air flow as possible to the eyes and the underlying skin.
Please know that there are plenty of other eye issues out there. Again please consult your veterinarian.
Grooming a dog or cat is very different than going to your hair dresser for a cut. Although actually true many of these differences will give you a chuckle.
Dog grooming is difficult and time consuming. Could you imagine what the price of a human haircut would be if all of these things were included? Yikes. Next time you see your groomer thank them. Its often a thankless job and they deserve a lot of praise for doing it and loving it despite the challenges they face on a daily basis!
SHOULD YOU SHAVE YOUR PET?
WHY IS IT ONLY FAIR TO SHAVE A MATTED DOG?
The process of dematting a dog is extremely painful. The matted hair has already been pulling on their skin for some time and in some extreme cases for months. Underneath a matts is often irritated skin. In order to dematt a dog there are a series of tools that must be used to slowly pull apart a matt into smaller tangles and then eventually freeing hair. This process is often hurts and is not fair to the dog through to "save" the hair as a result of improper brushing often by the owner.
Unfortunately well meaning owners are simply superficially brushing their dog - just the top layer. In reality brushing your dog takes a bit more skill and more than one tool.
More information on how to properly brush your dog can be found under the 'How to maintain your dog' section.
REASONS WHY NOT TO SHAVE A DOUBLE COATED DOG
Dogs don't sweat through their skin like humans do and owner forget about that when it comes to their dogs. They see their dog's panting in the summer months and think that shaving their dog will fix that problem.
In fact the double coat of a dog acts as a good insulating layer that helps control it's body temperature. Removing the coat from a double or combination coated dog removes dog's natural ability to self-regulate itself as the guard hairs are so short that they are now unable to reflect the sun's rays and repel water. You've now caused your dog's body system to work harder even though you thought you we helping.
What is made worse is that people often don't realize that their dog's hair may not grow back properly! Yes, that right. Your dog's hair may grow back patchy, bald in spots, with a thicker undercoat, or even just never grow it back. It all depends on your dog and also where it is in its shedding cycle. Plus you may also inflict sun damage to your dog and actually cause skin cancer.
It is simply not fair to your dog and certainly not worth the risks. If you are thinking of this option please consider otherwise.
How to Get the Look That You Want
Speak to your pet stylist directly they will have a good idea of what they can do given your dog's coat type, condition and your dog's general bone structure the way the hair lies.
If you need ideas on how you'd like your dog to look we have created just the place to help you, our Grooming Styles page.